## Independent segment angle from direction

A useful snippet to figure out the intersection angle of two segments using the direction vectors.

Lately, I needed a function to find the impact angle of a direction on a segment. This is the conceptual algorithm I’ve implemented in JavaScript using THREE.js as vector library.

Obviously, this is an unoptimized prototype, which I’ve ported to C++ (and optimized as well).

If you do not have the direction vectors, just compute them out using the normalization of the point subtraction.

``````const d = new THREE.Vector3(0, 1, 0).normalize();
const o = new THREE.Vector3(-1, -1, 0).normalize();
const origin = new THREE.Vector3(0, 0, 0);

const side = function (a, b, p) {
return (p.x - a.x) * (b.y - a.y) - (b.x - a.x) * (p.y - a.y);
};

const isCcw = side(origin, d, o) < 0;

let angle = NaN;
if (d.y < 0) {
if (isCcw) {
angle = Math.acos(d.dot(o));
} else {
angle = Math.acos(d.dot(o.negate()));
}
} else {
if (isCcw) {
angle = Math.acos(d.dot(o.negate()));
} else {
angle = Math.acos(d.dot(o));
}
}

console.log((angle * 180) / Math.PI);
``````

If you like, you can find the codepen here.